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Table 9 External Costs, by Scenarios BAU vs. METS – International Shipping, 2020

From: Economic evaluation of the environmental impact of shipping from the perspective of CO2 emissions

International Shipping
2020 BAU (Without Reduction) METS - Implemented Outcome FC (Mt) MAC TAC/FC ($/t) MSC (BAU) TSC/FC ($/t) MSC (METS) TSC/FC ($/t)
Scenarios GR-RR-P TSC ($M) CO2 - Emitted (Mt) TAC ($M) CO2 -Abetment (Mt) TD ($M) CO2 (Mt)     
High-High-High $51,462 2,021 $22,935 −901 $28,527 1,120 646 $35.52 $79.71 $44.18
High-Best-Best $30,277 2,021 $10,120 −675 $20,157 1,345 646 $15.67 $46.89 $31.22
High-Low-High $51,462 2,021 $5,519 −217 $45,943 1,804 646 $8.55 $79.71 $71.16
High-Low-Low $14,716 2,021 $1,578 −217 $13,138 1,804 646 $2.44 $22.79 $20.35
Best-High-High $45,002 1,767 $20,194 −793 $24,809 974 565 $35.77 $79.71 $43.94
Best-Best-Best $26,477 1,767 $8,916 −595 $17,561 1,172 565 $15.79 $46.89 $31.10
Best-Low-High $45,002 1,767 $4,868 −191 $40,135 1,576 565 $8.62 $79.71 $71.08
Best-Low-Low $12,869 1,767 $1,392 −191 $11,477 1,576 565 $2.47 $22.79 $20.33
Low-High-High $36,212 1,422 $16,470 −647 $19,742 775 454 $36.25 $79.71 $43.45
Low-Best-Best $21,305 1,422 $7,280 −486 $14,024 936 454 $16.02 $46.89 $30.87
Low-Low-High $36,212 1,422 $3,983 −156 $32,229 1,266 454 $8.77 $79.71 $70.94
Low-Low-Low $10,355 1,422 $1,139 −156 $9,216 1,266 454 $2.51 $22.79 $20.29