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Table 1 Factors affecting bunkering competitiveness

From: Investigating the bunkering choice determinants: the case of the port of Antwerp

Order Factors Variable Mean (−)
1 Fuel price V1 4.76
2 Geographical advantage V14 4.59
3 Anchoring and docking availability V10 4.39
4 Simplicity of accessibility to port V8 4.15
5 Port tariffs V2 4.03
6 Supply waiting time V5 4.02
7 Provision of services, port congestion V9 4
8 Fuel quality V7 3.95
9 Port access waiting time V6 3.78
10 Ship inspection thoroughness V19 3.78
11 Prices of complementary services for fuel supply at berth (pilotage, mooring, etc.) V3 3.76
12 Simplicity of crew changes V12 3.71
13 Presence of restrictive environmental regulations V18 3.71
14 Customs strictness V20 3.7
15 Clear and precise information about services V13 3.58
16 Hinterland proximity (proximity of goods to destination/origin centres) V15 3.56
17 Port security V17 3.49
18 Prices of complementary services for fuel supply at anchorage V4 3.46
19 Organizational tradition and capacity V11 3.46
20 Industrial disputes V16 3.44
  1. Source: Acosta et al. (2011)