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Table 2 2012 TEUs port ranking and free zones models

From: Free ports: towards a network of trade gateways

2012 TEUs Ranking Major Container Ports Free Port Type of Free Port
1 Shanghai Shanghai Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone 5.3
2 Singapore Singapour, Jurong, Sembawang, Pasir Pajang, Changji FTZ 2.1
3 Hong Kong Hong Kong Free Port 2.1
4 Shenzhen Shenzhen Futian Free Trade Zone 5.1
Shenzhen Shenzhen Shatoujiao Free Trade Zone
Shenzhen Shenzhen Yantiangang Free Trade Zone
5 Busan Busan Harbor Tariff Free Zone 4.3
6 Ningbo-Zhoushan Ningbo Free Trade Zone 5.2
7 Guangzhou Guangzhou Free Trade Zone 5.2
8 Qingdao Qingdao Free Trade Zone 5.2
9 Dubaï Ports Jebel Ali Free Zone 5.2
10 Tianjin Tianjin Port Free Trade Zone 5.2
11 Rotterdam Schiphol Airport Free Zone 4.3
12 Port Klang Port Klang Free Zone 4.3
13 Kaohsiung Kaohsiung Free Trade Zone 4.3
14 Hamburg Port of Hamburg Free Trade Zonea 2.1
15 Antwerp None  
16 Los Angeles FTZ No. 202 Los Angeles 4.1
17 Dalian Dalian Free Trade Zone 5.2
18 Tanjung Pelepas Pelepas Free Zone 4.3
19 Xiamen Xiamen Xiangyu Free Trade Zone 5.1
20 Tanjung Priok Tanjung Priok Export Processing Zone 5.2
21 Bremen/Bremerhaven Freihafen I 2.1
22 Long Beach FTZ No. 50 Long Beach 4.1
23 Laem Chabang 304 Industrial Park Chachoengsao 4.1
24 New York/New Jersey FTZ No. 49 Newark/Elizabeth 4.1
25 Saigon Port Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone 5.1
  1. Adapted from AAPA’s World Port Ranking 2012
  2. aIn 2013, Hamburg forfeited its free port status that it held for more than 125 years as part of the Zollverein, and before that since 1189. Advances in EU trade regulations, particularly between member countries, conferred less advantages for this status. Further, the free port was occupying valuable real estate in the port’s proximity, which was afterwards redeveloped to new uses