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Table 7 Key studies from the last three decades

From: The impacts of port infrastructure and logistics performance on economic growth: the mediating role of seaborne trade

Author Method (s) Data Finding(s) Country
Kinsey (1981) Multiplier Approach Employment, wage and salary, turnover, throughput etc. Impact of Liverpool port on local economy was declining. Firms supplying to port was only dependent for a very small portion of their total revenue. Liverpool, UK
Yochum and Agarwal (1987) Input-output Analysis Employment, tax, 39 industry At least some firms would suffer severe economic penalty in absence of port facilities. 3999 primary jobs were created from industries located in Hampton. Port of Hampton, USA
Gripaios and Gripaios (1995) Input-output Analysis GDP, direct and indirect employment Ports are not big employersof labour and are no longer the inter-related industrial complexes that ports once were. Plymouth, UK
Ferrari et al. (2010) Regression, Tobit Model, LS Estimates Employment, Throughput, Transport etc. Positive impact observed. The impact of port depends on the sector being considered. Italy
Jung (2011) Descriptive Port throughput, economic indicators No strong effect on production and value added inducementcoefficient over 1990–2008. Port-city interface from economic perspective has been weakened during 1990s and 2000s in Korea. South Korea
Deng et al. (2013) Structural Equation Modelling Throughput, quay length, berths, VAS, GDP, per capita GDP etc. No significant positive effect of port demand and supply on regional economy. Value added activity has positive effect on regional economy. China
Shan et al. (2014) Regression Analysis GDP, GGDP, education, FDI, road, throughput etc. Significant positive effect on economic growth, consistent with theoretical predictions. Throughput of bigger ports is more significantly associated with local economy than smaller ports. China
Bottasso et al. (2014) Spatial Panel Econometric Framework GDP, area, population, throughput, motorways etc. Ports tend to increase GDP of region, where they are located. Ports also have large and positive spill-over on GDP of nearby regions. 13 EU Countries
Chang et al. (2014) Input-output Analysis 95 different products and services Port activity is not dependent on other industry while otherindustries are more dependenton port activity. South Africa
Park and Seo (2016) Augmented Solow Model Economic growth rate, cargo throughput, container throughput, port investment etc. Port activities positively affect regional economic growth, whileport investment indirectly leads to economic growth. Korea