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Table 10 Average Significance Scores (AvSSs) of the Criteria

From: Transshipment hub port selection criteria by shipping lines: the case of hub ports around the bay of Bengal

Criteria Hub and Spoke Relay t-stat
Deviation Cost 4.46 4.31 0.413
Port Cost 4.46 4.31 0.562
Cost in Feeder Link 4.69 N/A N/A
Deviation Time 4.69 4.31 0.938
Vessel Turnaround Time 4.77 4.54 1.915*
Waiting Time 4.46 4.31 1.000
Time in Feeder Link 4.77 N/A N/A
Availability of Captive Cargo 3.77 3.62 0.485
Frequency of Ship Visits 3.92 3.85 0.562
Number of Services Calling at Port 3.92 3.92 0.000
Location Relative to Other Hub Ports 4.00 3.85 1.477
Hub Port Accessibility 4.23 4.39 −0.616
Connected Feeder Markets 4.15 N/A N/A
Port Capacity 4.31 4.23 0.562
Berth Availability 5.00 4.85 1.477
Frequency of Delays 4.69 4.77 −1.000
Records of Damages 3.69 3.62 −0.322
Port Authority/Customs Policies/Regulations 4.00 3.85 1.000
Port Infrastructure 4.15 4.08 0.562
Port Superstructure 3.92 3.92 0.000
IT and Advanced Technology 4.00 3.69 1.298
Logistics Facilities 4.08 3.62 2.144*
Efficiency of Navigational Services 4.31 4.08 1.389
Efficiency of Husbandry Services 3.00 3.15 −0.805
Professional Employees 4.00 3.92 1.000
Marketing Efforts 3.23 3.00 1.389
Port Flexibility on Shipping Line Requests 4.15 4.15 0.000
Financial Clearance Capability 3.62 3.62 0.000
Availability of Dedicated/Own Terminal 3.08 3.23 −0.805
Personal Contacts 3.23 3.15 1.000
Special Preferences on Shipping Lines 3.23 3.00 1.897*
Availability of Feeder Services 3.77 N/A N/A
Opinions/Preferences of Shippers and Forwarders 3.62 3.54 0.322
Position of Hub Port with Shipping Line Services 3.69 3.62 0.562
  1. Note: * represents significance at the 5% level. Underlined criteria indicate the highest AvSS for both networks, italic criteria indicate higher AvSS for relay networks than for hub and spoke networks, and bold criteria indicate equal AvSS for both networks