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Table 12 Average Appreciation Scores (AvAS) of Hub Ports

From: Transshipment hub port selection criteria by shipping lines: the case of hub ports around the bay of Bengal

Criteria Singapore Colombo Kelang Tanjung Pelepas Pr (> F) Remarks
Deviation Time 2.54 1.54 1.54 1.77 0.032* Singapore > Colombo, Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Vessel Turnaround Time 2.23 1.08 1.38 0.85 0.001** Singapore > Colombo, Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas /Kelang > Tanjung Pelepas
Waiting Time 2.46 1.31 1.15 1.08 0.006** Singapore > Colombo, Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Time in Feeder Link 1.23 2.15 1.23 0.92 0.045* Colombo > Singapore, Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Availability of Captive Cargo 1.54 1.08 1.31 0.92 0.674  
Frequency of Ship Visits 2.54 1.39 1.31 1.00 0.004** Singapore > Colombo, Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Number of Services Calling at Port 2.23 1.08 0.92 0.62 0.000*** Singapore > Colombo, Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Location Relative to Other Hub Ports 2.62 1.92 1.08 1.23 0.001 ** Singapore > Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Hub Port Accessibility 2.69 1.69 1.62 1.54 0.077  
Connected Feeder Markets 1.69 2.39 1.46 0.92 0.001** Colombo > Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Port Capacity 2.54 1.69 1.39 1.08 0.024* Singapore > Tanjung Pelepas
Berth Availability 2.31 1.31 0.92 1.00 0.009** Singapore > Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Frequency of Delays 1.85 0.77 0.54 0.62 0.009** Singapore > Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Records of Damages 1.62 1.00 1.08 1.08 0.573  
Policies and Regulations 2.00 0.85 1.23 0.92 0.082.  
Port Infrastructure 2.46 1.23 1.46 1.15 0.010* Singapore > Colombo, Tanjung Pelepas
Port Superstructure 2.39 1.23 1.31 1.00 0.010* Singapore > Colombo, Tanjung Pelepas
IT and Advanced Technology 2.31 0.85 1.39 1.08 0.011* Singapore > Colombo, Tanjung Pelepas
Logistics Facilities 2.62 1.31 1.46 1.08 0.009** Singapore > Colombo, Tanjung Pelepas
Efficiency of Navigational Services 2.15 1.31 1.46 1.08 0.107  
Efficiency of Husbandry Services 2.39 0.85 1.15 0.62 0.107  
Professional Employees 2.15 1.15 1.23 1.00 0.047* Singapore > Tanjung Pelepas
Marketing Efforts 1.77 0.85 1.08 1.08 0.235  
Port Flexibility 1.69 0.85 0.62 0.69 0.163  
Financial Clearance Capability 1.92 0.77 1.08 0.77 0.029* Singapore > Colombo, Tanjung Pelepas
Availability of Dedicated/Own Terminal 1.15 1.08 0.85 1.08 0.938  
Personal Contacts 1.62 1.00 0.77 0.69 0.064.  
Special Preferences of Shipping Lines 1.08 0.85 0.77 0.77 0.88  
Availability of Feeder Services 2.62 1.92 1.31 1.15 0.002** Singapore > Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Opinions/Preferences of Shippers and Forwarders 2.08 1.23 0.77 0.77 0.008** Singapore > Kelang, Tanjung Pelepas
Position of Hub Port with Shipping Line’s Services 1.54 0.77 1.00 0.77 0.29  
  1. Note: ***, **, *, and represent significance at the 0.1%, 1%, 5%, and 10% levels, respectively. Singapore > Kelang means the mean score of Singapore is significantly higher than that of Kelang