Model

Dependent
Variable

Independent Variable

Control Variable

R
^{2}

Adjusted R^{2}

pvalue


1

IT

CEPT

–

0.988

0.983

0.003

1a

IT

CEPT

GDP per capita, CL

0.989

0.983

0.015

 Notes: IT Denotes the natural logarithm of intraASEAN trade, CEPT Denotes intraASEAN tariff rate, CL Denotes civil liberties; explanatory and control variables are in oneyear lag