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Table 1 Shipping Digital Solutions

From: Shipping digitalization management: conceptualization, typology and antecedents

Digitalization AreasDigital Technologies-Solutions
Ship Operations-Autonomous FunctionsIoT, analytics, AI, 5G
Technical and nautical operations
Various levels of Autonomy for Ship Operations: Navigation, Berthing, Collision Avoidance
Shipping Commercial and Business Management OperationsIoT, analytics, AI
Asset optimization, fleet planning, service planning
Trade and Logistics Functions
Digital Platforms
IoT, analytics, blockchain
Cargo monitoring, Paperless Trade, Supply Chains Synchronization
Internet of Ships Platforms &
Internet of Sea Services Platforms
Analytics, AI
Smart Cargo Booking
Open Data Hub for shipping companies, shipbuilders, equipment manufacturers, IT companies, weather information companies, and digital solution providers.