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Table 3 Shipping Digitalization Management

From: Shipping digitalization management: conceptualization, typology and antecedents

Concepts, Models, Practices

IS and Innovation Management Constructs

Digital Innovation Capabilities

Digital Strategy First (Paradigm Shift and Digital Mindset) Resourcing (Autonomous Fleets, Smart Systems)

Network and Platform orientation - Technology Partnerships

Process Integration and Technology Standardization prioritization

Organization Design (new business units, spin off structures, cross disciplinary teams)

External and Internal Collaboration

Innovation Process Practices

Sense-Seize-Transform Digitalization Loops, Agile Development, Improvisation, Institutionalization

Explore vs. Exploit Innovation Mode (Balancing Digitalization Portfolios)

Collaborative-Open Innovation Model