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Table 4 Study Findings

From: Shipping digitalization management: conceptualization, typology and antecedents

Case
Digitalization Technology and
Solutions
Digital Strategy
Drivers
Digitalization Management
Determinants & Practices
Challenges
Shipping Company AProcess Improvements
Cost Reduction
Technology Push
Strategic Thinking
Partnerships
Structures (spin off technology company)
Explorative vs. Exploitative Innovation Mode
N/A
Shipping Company BCompetition
Process improvements
Cost Reduction
Customers’ Expectations
Strategic Thinking
Partnerships
Structures (Smart shipping department)
Internal and External Collaboration
State of the Art Methodologies
Explorative vs. Exploitative Innovation Mode
Technology Maturity
Cost Efficiency
Standards
Classification SocietyData Monetization
Radical Innovation
Strategic Thinking -Paradigm Shift and Digital Mindset
Open Data-Data Sharing Model
Network and Platform orientation
Internal and External Collaboration
Market Acceptance
Standards
Autonomous Vessel ConsortiumRadical Innovation
Institutions
Technology Push
Strategic Thinking -Paradigm Shift and Digital Mindset
Internal and External Collaboration
Cost-efficiency
Technology Maturity
Standards
Maritime Blockchain ConsortiumRadical Innovation
Institutions
Technology Push
Strategic Thinking -Paradigm Shift and Digital Mindset
Internal and External Collaboration
Standardization
Market Acceptance
Technology Maturity