Skip to main content

Table 10 Preference of multinational crewing pattern by selected factors

From: The bond and retention of Chinese seafarers for international shipping companies: a survey report

Category Item No. All Chinese Neutral Mixed
Age band <  30 years 84 25.0 33.3 41.7
30–39 years 91 47.3 16.5 36.3
> = 40 years 79 58.2 13.9 27.8
Education University 56 28.6 21.4 50.0
Vocational 121 40.5 19.8 39.7
M. School 75 57.3 24.0 18.7
Seafaring length <=5 years 86 32.6 25.6 41.9
6–10 years 74 40.5 20.3 39.2
> 10 years 92 55.4 17.4 27.4
Rank Senior officer 86 53.5 15.1 31.4
Junior officer 80 22.5 23.8 53.8
Rating 88 52.3 25.0 22.7
Employment status SOE 40 52.5 10.0 37.5
Crewing agent 94 26.6 25.5 47.9
Freeman 114 55.3 20.0 24.6
Mobility: crew agent One only 122 32.0 23.0 45.1
2–3 times 73 49.3 17.8 32.9
> 3 times 21 57.1 19.0 23.8
Bonding Yes 168 36.9 21.4 41.7
No 81 53.1 22.2 24.7
Multinational crewing Yes 148 31.8 19.6 48.6
No 97 57.7 24.7 17.5
Ship manager Wester 71 33.8 12.7 53.5
Chinese 120 35.0 23.3 41.7
Other Asian 77 46.8 23.4 29.9
Total   254 43.3 21.3 35.4